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Business Economics

CASH BACK available
  • Accreditation by Qualifications Register
  • 10 units
  • 110 guided learning hours
Business Economics

About the Level 4 Business Economics Certificate

The principles of scarcity and demand underlie the social science of business economics. Current theory and models are practically applied to analyse the relationship between firms and capital, labour, markets and the financial system. Economics in business will explain challenges that companies face in a new market, how business decision-making is influenced by government policy, or how global shifts in the labour market determine the wage rate and level of employment.

With the Level 4 Business Economics course you will gain a solid foundation in economics, running through key theories of economy, and concluding with a reflective look at current issues in capitalism, macroeconomic policy and monetary targets.

Who should study this course?

This economics course was designed to build a practical understanding of applied economy in business for any professional, regardless of their prior experience. It is addressed to students with a keen interest in economics and business professionals alike.

There is no need for any qualifications to start course. You do not even have to have worked in economics before. You simply need an interest in economics, business and markets and the motivation to get through the ten lessons necessary to complete the course.

What happens after the course?

At the end of this ABC accredited course you will receive two certificates: the Business Economics Diploma awarded by Stonebridge Associated Colleges and the Certificate of Achievement by ABC Awards. Some of our students have furthered their studies with higher education studies in management or business studies.

Business economics is a sought-after qualification for employers. With economics being one of the most lucrative careers, graduates in this field are the highest earners in the UK, according to the Department of Education. Some of the careers you can choose from with an economics course:

  • Financial analyst
  • Investment banker
  • Market research analyst

For more information about this course, give us a call on this number: 0121 392 8288

On completion of your course, you will receive two certificates:

Certificate 1 is issued by Stonebridge Associated Colleges: Business Economics Diploma

Business Economics Diploma issued by Stonebridge Associated Colleges, to view a sample of the college’s award, please click here.

Certificate 2 is issued by ABC Awards: Level 4 Business Economics Certificate of Achievement

At the end of this course successful learners will receive a Certificate of Achievement by ABC Awards and a Learner Unit Summary (which lists the details of all the units you have completed as part of your course).

The course has been endorsed under the ABC Awards’ Quality Licence Scheme. This means that Stonebridge Associated Colleges have undergone an external quality check to ensure that the organisation and the courses it offers, meet certain quality criteria. The completion of this course alone does not lead to an Ofqual regulated qualification but may be used as evidence of knowledge and skills towards regulated qualifications in the future. The unit summary can be used as evidence towards Recognition of Prior Learning if you wish to progress your studies in this sector. To this end the learning outcomes of the course have been benchmarked at Level 4 against level descriptors published by Ofqual, to indicate the depth of study and level of difficulty involved in successful completion by the learner.

The course itself has been designed by Stonebridge Associated Colleges to meet specific learners’ or employers’ requirements. ABC Awards’ endorsement involves a robust and rigorous quality audit by external inspectors to ensure quality is consistently met. A regular review of courses is carried out as part of the endorsement process.

To view a sample of the ABC Certificate of Achievement, please click here.

To view a sample of the ABC Learner Unit Summary, please click here.

Requirements for Entry

There is no experience or previous qualifications required for enrolment on this course. It is available to all students, of all academic backgrounds.

Who are ABC

ABC Awards

ABC Awards is a leading national Awarding Organisation, regulated by Ofqual, and the Welsh Government[1]. They have a comprehensive portfolio of over 650 Ofqual regulated qualifications on the national Qualifications and Credit framework (QCF). It has a long-established reputation for developing and awarding high quality vocational qualifications across a wide range of industries. As a registered charity, ABC Awards combines 180 years of examination and assessment expertise but also implements a responsive, flexible and innovative approach to the needs of our customers.

Renowned for excellent customer service, and quality standards, ABC Awards also offers over 600 Ofqual regulated qualifications for all ages and abilities post-14; all are developed with the support of relevant stakeholders to ensure that they meet the needs and standards of employers across the UK.

For more info on our awarding body, ABC awards, click here

Professional Membership

On completion of this course you will be eligible to join the following Professional Associations(s):

Anyone who is studying for or has completed a course endorsed by an Ofqual approved awarding body is eligible to join Qualifications Register.  The Qualifications Register (QR) is an independent register that aims to serve both members of the public and those professionals who hold recognised qualifications.

QR's primary aim is to provide transparency to members of the public and employers. The QR is a searchable database that allows them to find a practitioner and view the relevant qualification and endorsements the practitioner holds. The member of the public is then able to make an informed decision in relation to the suitability of the practitioner.  QR also tracks whether practitioners have insurance, again something that is useful for members of the public.  QR can also help professionals gain insurance or find professional indemnity cover.  Click here to find out more.

Members of the public can check an independent source with complete confidence that the practitioner has the qualification(s) they claim to have and that any additional CPD the practitioner has, is verified and quality assured to make sure that the CPD is being done on a regular basis. QR tracks a practitioners endorsed CPD (in unison with our CPD accreditation partner Lifetime Awarding) and other key signals to help members of the public and employers to come to a more informed decision about the professional they intend to use. This is an enormously valuable signal that's increasingly important as business becomes more deregulated and privatised.

For practitioners QR helps you market your skills, endorsements and feedback transparently to a wider audience. It also gives you access to a community to help make you more able to progress and succeed in your field of expertise.  Click here to find out more.

Unit 1: An Introduction to Economics

Introduction

Objectives

Section 1: The Content of Economics

Introduction

1.1 Defining economics

1.2 The fundamental economic problem: scarcity

1.3 The implications of scarcity

1.4 Types of economy

1.5 The general economic questions

1.6 The distinction between microeconomics and macroeconomics

1.7 Positive and normative statements

Summary

Section 2: The Production Possibility Boundary and its Implications

Introduction

2.1 The Production Possibility Boundary (PPB)

Summary

Unit Summary

Recommended reading

Unit 2: The Elementary Theory of Allocation

Introduction

Objectives

Section 1: The Market and the Market Economy

Introduction

1.1 Demand

1.2 Supply

1.3 Price

Summary

Section 2 Elasticity

Introduction

2.1 Price elasticity of demand (PED)

2.2 The income elasticity of demand (YED)

2.3 Cross-elasticity of demand (CED)

2.4 Price-elasticity of supply (PES)

Summary

Section 3: Market Failure

Introduction

3.1 Types of market failure

3.2 Types of government intervention

3.3 Price-regulation (floors and ceilings)

3.4. Taxes and subsidies

3.5 A final note

Summary

Review Activity for Units 1 and 2

Unit summary

Recommended reading

Answer to Unit Review Activity for Units 1 and 2

Unit 3: The Theory of Production

Introduction

Objectives

Section 1: The Production Function

Introduction

1.1 A simple production function

1.2 Short-run and long-run production functions

Review Activity

Summary

Section 2: The Short Run

Introduction

2.1 Output and factor inputs

2.2 The relationship between marginal and average product

2.3 The law of diminishing returns

2.4 The relationship between total, average and marginal product

Review Activity

Summary

Section 3: Costs of production

Introduction

3.1 Total cost of production

3.2 Average total cost of production

3.3 Marginal cost of production

Review Activity

Summary

Section 4: Short-run Cost Curves

Introduction

4.1 Converting output data into cost data

4.2 Total cost and total fixed cost

4.3 Average variable cost and average product of labour

4.4 Combining average variable cost and average fixed cost to calculate average total cost

4.5 The marginal product of labour and marginal cost

4.6 Average total cost and marginal cost

Review Activity

Summary

Section 5: Long-run Cost Curves

Introduction

5.1 Marginal and average cost in the long run

Review Activity

Summary

Unit Review Activity

Unit Summary

Recommended Reading

Answers to Review Activities

Unit 4: Market Structures

Introduction

Objectives

Section 1: The Model of Perfect Competition

Introduction

1.1 Assumptions about the model of perfect competition

1.2 The perfectly competitive firm as a price taker

1.3 What output will the individual firm produce?

1.4 How much profit is made?

1.5 Short-run equilibrium for the perfectly competitive firm

1.6 Long-run equilibrium for the perfectly competitive firm

1.7 The marginal cost curve, short-run supply and the shut-down condition

1.8 The market supply curve and perfect competition

1.9 Perfect competition and efficiency

1.10 Reconsidering long-run equilibrium

Review Activity

Summary

Section 2: Monopoly

Introduction

2.1 Monopoly and revenue curves

2.2 Output and price under monopoly

2.3 How much profit does the monopolist make?

2.4 Sources of monopoly power

2.5 An evaluation of monopoly and perfect competition

2.6 Monopoly and price discrimination

Review Activity

Summary

Section 3: Imperfect Competition

Introduction

3.1 Oligopoly and collusion

3.2 The breakdown of collusion: "to cheat or not to cheat"

Review Activity

Summary

Section 4: Privatisation

Introduction

4.1 The three forms of privatisation

4.2 The objectives of privatisation

Review Activity

Summary

Unit review Activity

Unit Summary

References

Recommended Reading

Answers to Review Activities

Unit 5: The Theory of Distribution

Introduction

Objectives

Section 1: The income factors of production

Introduction

1.1 Distribution of income in perfect markets

1.2 Distribution of income in imperfect markets

Review Activity

Summary

Section 2: Wage determination in perfectly competitive labour markets

Introduction

2.1 The supply of labour

2.2 Elasticity of labour supply

2.3 Economic rent and transfer earnings

2.4 The demand for labour

2.5 Will any workers be employed?

2.6 The determinants of the demand for labour

Review Activity

Summary

Section 3: Wage determination in imperfect labour markets

Introduction

3.1 Monopoly demand for labour

3.2 Monopoly supply of labour

Review Activity

Summary

Section 4: The price of capital

Introduction

4.1 The demand for capital

4.2 Internal rate of return

4.3 Supply of capital

Review activity

Summary

Section 5: The price of land

Introduction

Recommended Reading

Answers to Review Activities

Unit 6: Introduction to the Macroeconomy

Introduction

Unit Objectives

Section 1: National income accounts and measurement of national income

Introduction

1.1 National income accounts

1.2 Measurement of national income

1.3 National income statistics and economic welfare

Review Activity

Summary

Section 2: National income determination and the circular flow of income

Introduction

2.1 Circular flow of income

2.2 Equilibrium national income

Review Activity

Summary

Section 3: Macroeconomic issues and controversies

Introduction

3.1 Macroeconomic issues

3.2 Objectives of government economic policy

3.3 Macroeconomic debate

Review Activity

Summary

Unit Review Activity

Unit Summary

References

Answers to Review Activities

Unit 7: National Income Determination

Introduction

Unit Objectives

Section 1: Basic Keynesian model of national income determination

Introduction

1.1 Components of aggregate demand

1.2 Aggregate demand and equilibrium national income

1.3 The multiplier

Review Activity

Summary

Section 2: Consumption and investment demand

Introduction

2.1 Consumption demand

2.2 Investment demand

Review Activity

Summary

Section 3: Keynesian model and fiscal policy

Introduction

3.1 Keynesian model and unemployment

3.2 Government budget

3.3 Fiscal policy debate

Review Activity

Summary

Section 4: Imports and exports in the Keynesian model

Introduction

4.1 Imports, exports and aggregate demand

Review Activity

Summary

Unit Review Activity

Unit Summary

Recommended Reading

Answers to Review Activities

Unit 8: The Role of Money and the Financial System

Introduction

Objectives

Section 1: Money and the Financial System

Introduction

1.1 Money and the functions of money

1.2 Outline of a financial system

1.3 A model of credit creation

1.4 The financial system

1.5 The London money market

1.6 The money supply

Review Activity

Summary

Section 2: Money Demand, Aggregate Demand and Money Market Equilibrium

Introduction

2.1 Theories of the demand for money

2.2 Money market equilibrium and aggregate demand

2.3 Theories of inflation

Review Activity

Summary

Section 3: Monetary Policy

Introduction

3.1 Monetary control techniques

3.2 Interest rate control

3.3 Problems of monetary control

3.4 The monetarist experiment

Review Activity

Summary

Unit Review Activity

Unit Summary

References

Recommended Reading

Answers to Review Activities

Unit 9: National Income Determination and Aggregate Supply

Introduction

Unit Objectives

Section 1: Theories of aggregate supply

Introduction

1.1 Classical theory of aggregate supply

1.2 Keynesian theory of aggregate supply

Review Activity

Summary

Section 2: Short-run and long-run aggregate supply

Introduction

2.1 Short-run aggregate supply

2.2 Long-run aggregate supply

2.3 Shifts in aggregate supply

2.4 Macroeconomic equilibrium 537

Review Activity

Summary

Section 3: The Phillips curve

Introduction

3.1 The Keynesians and the Phillips curve

3.2 Monetarists and the Phillips curve

3.3 Supply side policy

Review Activity

Summary

Unit Review Activity

Unit Summary

References

Answers to Review Activities

Unit 10: International Trade

Introduction

Objectives

Section 1: Why do Countries Trade?

Introduction

1.1 Gains from trade

1.2 The UK pattern of trade

1.3 Trade restrictions

Review Activity

Summary

Section 2: The Exchange Rate

Introduction

2.1 What is the exchange rate?

2.2 Exchange rate quotes

2.3 Alternative exchange rate regimes

2.4 The real exchange rate

2.5 The effective exchange rate

2.6 The demand for exports and imports

2.7 Foreign trade and income determination

Review Activities

Summary

Section 3: The Balance of Payments

Introduction

3.1 What is the balance of payments?

3.2 The current account

3.3 The capital account

3.4 Change in reserves

3.5 General principles of correcting balance of payments problems

3.6 Deficit problems

3.7 The problem of a balance of payments surplus

3.8 Surplus problems

Review Activity

Summary

Section 4: Recent Exchange Rate History

Introduction

4.1 The Bretton Woods system

4.2 The oil price shock

4.3 The rise of sterling: 1976-81

4.4 Reagonomics': 1981-5

4.5 The shadowing of the DM

4.6 The European Monetary System

4.7 The exchange rate debate

Review Activity

Summary

Unit Review Activity

Unit Summary

Recommended Reading

Answer to Review Activities

Resources

1.1 Some reflections on morality and capitalism

8.1 The Demand for Money: Problems and Issues

8.2 Monetary targets - a short history

8.3 Macroeconomic Policy since 1979

9.1 Schools brief: A Cruise around the Phillips curve

For a more detailed syllabus on this course, click here

What's Included

  • All study materials
  • Study Guide
  • Full Tutor and Admin support
  • The course fee includes the awarding body registration and certification fee (valued at up to £30.00).
Business Economics

About the Level 4 Business Economics Certificate

The principles of scarcity and demand underlie the social science of business economics. Current theory and models are practically applied to analyse the relationship between firms and capital, labour, markets and the financial system. Economics in business will explain challenges that companies face in a new market, how business decision-making is influenced by government policy, or how global shifts in the labour market determine the wage rate and level of employment.

With the Level 4 Business Economics course you will gain a solid foundation in economics, running through key theories of economy, and concluding with a reflective look at current issues in capitalism, macroeconomic policy and monetary targets.

Who should study this course?

This economics course was designed to build a practical understanding of applied economy in business for any professional, regardless of their prior experience. It is addressed to students with a keen interest in economics and business professionals alike.

There is no need for any qualifications to start course. You do not even have to have worked in economics before. You simply need an interest in economics, business and markets and the motivation to get through the ten lessons necessary to complete the course.

What happens after the course?

At the end of this ABC accredited course you will receive two certificates: the Business Economics Diploma awarded by Stonebridge Associated Colleges and the Certificate of Achievement by ABC Awards. Some of our students have furthered their studies with higher education studies in management or business studies.

Business economics is a sought-after qualification for employers. With economics being one of the most lucrative careers, graduates in this field are the highest earners in the UK, according to the Department of Education. Some of the careers you can choose from with an economics course:

  • Financial analyst
  • Investment banker
  • Market research analyst

For more information about this course, give us a call on this number: 0121 392 8288

On completion of your course, you will receive two certificates:

Certificate 1 is issued by Stonebridge Associated Colleges: Business Economics Diploma

Business Economics Diploma issued by Stonebridge Associated Colleges, to view a sample of the college’s award, please click here.

Certificate 2 is issued by ABC Awards: Level 4 Business Economics Certificate of Achievement

At the end of this course successful learners will receive a Certificate of Achievement by ABC Awards and a Learner Unit Summary (which lists the details of all the units you have completed as part of your course).

The course has been endorsed under the ABC Awards’ Quality Licence Scheme. This means that Stonebridge Associated Colleges have undergone an external quality check to ensure that the organisation and the courses it offers, meet certain quality criteria. The completion of this course alone does not lead to an Ofqual regulated qualification but may be used as evidence of knowledge and skills towards regulated qualifications in the future. The unit summary can be used as evidence towards Recognition of Prior Learning if you wish to progress your studies in this sector. To this end the learning outcomes of the course have been benchmarked at Level 4 against level descriptors published by Ofqual, to indicate the depth of study and level of difficulty involved in successful completion by the learner.

The course itself has been designed by Stonebridge Associated Colleges to meet specific learners’ or employers’ requirements. ABC Awards’ endorsement involves a robust and rigorous quality audit by external inspectors to ensure quality is consistently met. A regular review of courses is carried out as part of the endorsement process.

To view a sample of the ABC Certificate of Achievement, please click here.

To view a sample of the ABC Learner Unit Summary, please click here.

Requirements for Entry

There is no experience or previous qualifications required for enrolment on this course. It is available to all students, of all academic backgrounds.

Who are ABC

ABC Awards

ABC Awards is a leading national Awarding Organisation, regulated by Ofqual, and the Welsh Government[1]. They have a comprehensive portfolio of over 650 Ofqual regulated qualifications on the national Qualifications and Credit framework (QCF). It has a long-established reputation for developing and awarding high quality vocational qualifications across a wide range of industries. As a registered charity, ABC Awards combines 180 years of examination and assessment expertise but also implements a responsive, flexible and innovative approach to the needs of our customers.

Renowned for excellent customer service, and quality standards, ABC Awards also offers over 600 Ofqual regulated qualifications for all ages and abilities post-14; all are developed with the support of relevant stakeholders to ensure that they meet the needs and standards of employers across the UK.

For more info on our awarding body, ABC awards, click here

Professional Membership

On completion of this course you will be eligible to join the following Professional Associations(s):

Anyone who is studying for or has completed a course endorsed by an Ofqual approved awarding body is eligible to join Qualifications Register.  The Qualifications Register (QR) is an independent register that aims to serve both members of the public and those professionals who hold recognised qualifications.

QR's primary aim is to provide transparency to members of the public and employers. The QR is a searchable database that allows them to find a practitioner and view the relevant qualification and endorsements the practitioner holds. The member of the public is then able to make an informed decision in relation to the suitability of the practitioner.  QR also tracks whether practitioners have insurance, again something that is useful for members of the public.  QR can also help professionals gain insurance or find professional indemnity cover.  Click here to find out more.

Members of the public can check an independent source with complete confidence that the practitioner has the qualification(s) they claim to have and that any additional CPD the practitioner has, is verified and quality assured to make sure that the CPD is being done on a regular basis. QR tracks a practitioners endorsed CPD (in unison with our CPD accreditation partner Lifetime Awarding) and other key signals to help members of the public and employers to come to a more informed decision about the professional they intend to use. This is an enormously valuable signal that's increasingly important as business becomes more deregulated and privatised.

For practitioners QR helps you market your skills, endorsements and feedback transparently to a wider audience. It also gives you access to a community to help make you more able to progress and succeed in your field of expertise.  Click here to find out more.

Unit 1: An Introduction to Economics

Introduction

Objectives

Section 1: The Content of Economics

Introduction

1.1 Defining economics

1.2 The fundamental economic problem: scarcity

1.3 The implications of scarcity

1.4 Types of economy

1.5 The general economic questions

1.6 The distinction between microeconomics and macroeconomics

1.7 Positive and normative statements

Summary

Section 2: The Production Possibility Boundary and its Implications

Introduction

2.1 The Production Possibility Boundary (PPB)

Summary

Unit Summary

Recommended reading

Unit 2: The Elementary Theory of Allocation

Introduction

Objectives

Section 1: The Market and the Market Economy

Introduction

1.1 Demand

1.2 Supply

1.3 Price

Summary

Section 2 Elasticity

Introduction

2.1 Price elasticity of demand (PED)

2.2 The income elasticity of demand (YED)

2.3 Cross-elasticity of demand (CED)

2.4 Price-elasticity of supply (PES)

Summary

Section 3: Market Failure

Introduction

3.1 Types of market failure

3.2 Types of government intervention

3.3 Price-regulation (floors and ceilings)

3.4. Taxes and subsidies

3.5 A final note

Summary

Review Activity for Units 1 and 2

Unit summary

Recommended reading

Answer to Unit Review Activity for Units 1 and 2

Unit 3: The Theory of Production

Introduction

Objectives

Section 1: The Production Function

Introduction

1.1 A simple production function

1.2 Short-run and long-run production functions

Review Activity

Summary

Section 2: The Short Run

Introduction

2.1 Output and factor inputs

2.2 The relationship between marginal and average product

2.3 The law of diminishing returns

2.4 The relationship between total, average and marginal product

Review Activity

Summary

Section 3: Costs of production

Introduction

3.1 Total cost of production

3.2 Average total cost of production

3.3 Marginal cost of production

Review Activity

Summary

Section 4: Short-run Cost Curves

Introduction

4.1 Converting output data into cost data

4.2 Total cost and total fixed cost

4.3 Average variable cost and average product of labour

4.4 Combining average variable cost and average fixed cost to calculate average total cost

4.5 The marginal product of labour and marginal cost

4.6 Average total cost and marginal cost

Review Activity

Summary

Section 5: Long-run Cost Curves

Introduction

5.1 Marginal and average cost in the long run

Review Activity

Summary

Unit Review Activity

Unit Summary

Recommended Reading

Answers to Review Activities

Unit 4: Market Structures

Introduction

Objectives

Section 1: The Model of Perfect Competition

Introduction

1.1 Assumptions about the model of perfect competition

1.2 The perfectly competitive firm as a price taker

1.3 What output will the individual firm produce?

1.4 How much profit is made?

1.5 Short-run equilibrium for the perfectly competitive firm

1.6 Long-run equilibrium for the perfectly competitive firm

1.7 The marginal cost curve, short-run supply and the shut-down condition

1.8 The market supply curve and perfect competition

1.9 Perfect competition and efficiency

1.10 Reconsidering long-run equilibrium

Review Activity

Summary

Section 2: Monopoly

Introduction

2.1 Monopoly and revenue curves

2.2 Output and price under monopoly

2.3 How much profit does the monopolist make?

2.4 Sources of monopoly power

2.5 An evaluation of monopoly and perfect competition

2.6 Monopoly and price discrimination

Review Activity

Summary

Section 3: Imperfect Competition

Introduction

3.1 Oligopoly and collusion

3.2 The breakdown of collusion: "to cheat or not to cheat"

Review Activity

Summary

Section 4: Privatisation

Introduction

4.1 The three forms of privatisation

4.2 The objectives of privatisation

Review Activity

Summary

Unit review Activity

Unit Summary

References

Recommended Reading

Answers to Review Activities

Unit 5: The Theory of Distribution

Introduction

Objectives

Section 1: The income factors of production

Introduction

1.1 Distribution of income in perfect markets

1.2 Distribution of income in imperfect markets

Review Activity

Summary

Section 2: Wage determination in perfectly competitive labour markets

Introduction

2.1 The supply of labour

2.2 Elasticity of labour supply

2.3 Economic rent and transfer earnings

2.4 The demand for labour

2.5 Will any workers be employed?

2.6 The determinants of the demand for labour

Review Activity

Summary

Section 3: Wage determination in imperfect labour markets

Introduction

3.1 Monopoly demand for labour

3.2 Monopoly supply of labour

Review Activity

Summary

Section 4: The price of capital

Introduction

4.1 The demand for capital

4.2 Internal rate of return

4.3 Supply of capital

Review activity

Summary

Section 5: The price of land

Introduction

Recommended Reading

Answers to Review Activities

Unit 6: Introduction to the Macroeconomy

Introduction

Unit Objectives

Section 1: National income accounts and measurement of national income

Introduction

1.1 National income accounts

1.2 Measurement of national income

1.3 National income statistics and economic welfare

Review Activity

Summary

Section 2: National income determination and the circular flow of income

Introduction

2.1 Circular flow of income

2.2 Equilibrium national income

Review Activity

Summary

Section 3: Macroeconomic issues and controversies

Introduction

3.1 Macroeconomic issues

3.2 Objectives of government economic policy

3.3 Macroeconomic debate

Review Activity

Summary

Unit Review Activity

Unit Summary

References

Answers to Review Activities

Unit 7: National Income Determination

Introduction

Unit Objectives

Section 1: Basic Keynesian model of national income determination

Introduction

1.1 Components of aggregate demand

1.2 Aggregate demand and equilibrium national income

1.3 The multiplier

Review Activity

Summary

Section 2: Consumption and investment demand

Introduction

2.1 Consumption demand

2.2 Investment demand

Review Activity

Summary

Section 3: Keynesian model and fiscal policy

Introduction

3.1 Keynesian model and unemployment

3.2 Government budget

3.3 Fiscal policy debate

Review Activity

Summary

Section 4: Imports and exports in the Keynesian model

Introduction

4.1 Imports, exports and aggregate demand

Review Activity

Summary

Unit Review Activity

Unit Summary

Recommended Reading

Answers to Review Activities

Unit 8: The Role of Money and the Financial System

Introduction

Objectives

Section 1: Money and the Financial System

Introduction

1.1 Money and the functions of money

1.2 Outline of a financial system

1.3 A model of credit creation

1.4 The financial system

1.5 The London money market

1.6 The money supply

Review Activity

Summary

Section 2: Money Demand, Aggregate Demand and Money Market Equilibrium

Introduction

2.1 Theories of the demand for money

2.2 Money market equilibrium and aggregate demand

2.3 Theories of inflation

Review Activity

Summary

Section 3: Monetary Policy

Introduction

3.1 Monetary control techniques

3.2 Interest rate control

3.3 Problems of monetary control

3.4 The monetarist experiment

Review Activity

Summary

Unit Review Activity

Unit Summary

References

Recommended Reading

Answers to Review Activities

Unit 9: National Income Determination and Aggregate Supply

Introduction

Unit Objectives

Section 1: Theories of aggregate supply

Introduction

1.1 Classical theory of aggregate supply

1.2 Keynesian theory of aggregate supply

Review Activity

Summary

Section 2: Short-run and long-run aggregate supply

Introduction

2.1 Short-run aggregate supply

2.2 Long-run aggregate supply

2.3 Shifts in aggregate supply

2.4 Macroeconomic equilibrium 537

Review Activity

Summary

Section 3: The Phillips curve

Introduction

3.1 The Keynesians and the Phillips curve

3.2 Monetarists and the Phillips curve

3.3 Supply side policy

Review Activity

Summary

Unit Review Activity

Unit Summary

References

Answers to Review Activities

Unit 10: International Trade

Introduction

Objectives

Section 1: Why do Countries Trade?

Introduction

1.1 Gains from trade

1.2 The UK pattern of trade

1.3 Trade restrictions

Review Activity

Summary

Section 2: The Exchange Rate

Introduction

2.1 What is the exchange rate?

2.2 Exchange rate quotes

2.3 Alternative exchange rate regimes

2.4 The real exchange rate

2.5 The effective exchange rate

2.6 The demand for exports and imports

2.7 Foreign trade and income determination

Review Activities

Summary

Section 3: The Balance of Payments

Introduction

3.1 What is the balance of payments?

3.2 The current account

3.3 The capital account

3.4 Change in reserves

3.5 General principles of correcting balance of payments problems

3.6 Deficit problems

3.7 The problem of a balance of payments surplus

3.8 Surplus problems

Review Activity

Summary

Section 4: Recent Exchange Rate History

Introduction

4.1 The Bretton Woods system

4.2 The oil price shock

4.3 The rise of sterling: 1976-81

4.4 Reagonomics': 1981-5

4.5 The shadowing of the DM

4.6 The European Monetary System

4.7 The exchange rate debate

Review Activity

Summary

Unit Review Activity

Unit Summary

Recommended Reading

Answer to Review Activities

Resources

1.1 Some reflections on morality and capitalism

8.1 The Demand for Money: Problems and Issues

8.2 Monetary targets - a short history

8.3 Macroeconomic Policy since 1979

9.1 Schools brief: A Cruise around the Phillips curve

For a more detailed syllabus on this course, click here

What's Included

  • All study materials
  • Study Guide
  • Full Tutor and Admin support
  • The course fee includes the awarding body registration and certification fee (valued at up to £30.00).
Enrol now for just £19.99
Offer ends Tuesday 26th March

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£489.99 £100 £389.99 (After cashback)
Pay using 0% APR Instalments Plan
£19.99 10 £47.00 £100 £389.99 (After cashback)
Note : If you opt to study via the paper based method there is an additional postage charge which will be highlighted during the checkout.
(Royal Mail First Class = £10 per course or Royal Mail Second Class = £5 per course, Overseas = £25).
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